Waste Management Laboratory

At a time of deeper understanding of the relationship between the different forms of waste and when special importance is given to the relationship between natural resources and waste the WASTE MANAGEMENT LABORATORY (WML), an integral part of the Department of Environment, focuses its teaching activity and research on Integrated Waste Management Systems. You may find more information, here.
The WML’s activity focuses mainly on the selection and organisation of resources and waste management systems within a single geographic area (Municipality, Prefecture, Island etc.) rather than on developing waste treatment technologies. Given the University’s insular nature/character, the WML’s research interests focus largely on islands.
Natural resources are limited in quantity on islands and therefore there is a greater need for integrated approaches to waste management since the latter is often identified as natural resource management problem.
The parameters that characterise management systems on islands are small scale settlements, seasonal fluctuation of the population (and therefore pressure) and the organisational weaknesses that the Local Self-Government Authorities have manifested with regard to the operation of waste management systems.

Year after year, the WML’s academic staff has taught a number of undergraduate core and elective courses and supports the teaching of a series of graduate level courses by providing specific applications of its expertise, in collaboration with other Laboratories, as part of the educational work offered by the Department of Environment.

Undergraduate courses:

Introduction to Environmental Engineering
Environmental Physics
Aquatic Chemistry
Solid and Hazardous Waste Management
Environmental Hydrogeology

  • Petros Gaganis
  • Christos Matsoukas
  • Athanasios Stasinakis
  • Michalis Niaounakis
  • Themistoklis Kontos
  • Dirk Schaelicke
  • Christophoros Mandilas
  • Anastasios Petalas
  • Chrisovalantia Karagianni
  • Giorgos Gkiousepas

Waste Management Department

  • Portable Infrared Gas Analyser, Geotechnical Instruments GA 5000
  • Laboratory Grinding Mill, Kinematica Polymix PX-MFC 90D
  • Portable GPS, MAGELLAN 320
  • Toximeter Gas Detector OLDHAM C2000
  • Portable Ion meter. HACH, Model Sension2
  • Portable Conductivity meter. HACH, Μodel Sension5
  • Portable Dissolved Oxygen meter. HACH, Model Sension6
  • Docking Station for data transfer of portable meters type Sension HACH
  • COD vials digestion Reactor, HACH, Model 45600-18
  • Portable spectrophotometer HACH, Model DR/2400
  • BOD measurement system for Wastewater, AQUALYTIC incl. mobile controller, model Sensomat-Scientific AL350
  • BOD cabinet, AQUALYTIC model AL185
  • Measurement equipment for the determination of aerobe and anaerobe microbiological activity of liquid and soil samples, AQUALYTIC
  • Soxhlet extraction device holding 6 samples, WISD
  • Analytical Balance, Kern ABJ 220-4M
  • Distillation device for production of deionized water, Espinar DES-3
  • Stereoscope, LEICA ES2
  • Test-tube vibrator, VELP
  • Magnetic stirrer – hot plate, LabTech LMS1003
  • Plate shaker
  • Laboratory dehumidifying cabinet
  • Laboratory Composter
  • Peristaltic Pump, Watson Marlow 101U/R
  • Peristaltic Pump, Gilson Miniplus3
  • Dosing Pump, Prominent 1002 NP
  • Balance, Kern VB 30 KIOSM
  • Soil conductivity Meter, Hanna HI 993310

Olive Processing Waste Management Department

  • Olive fruit washing device, Enorrossi
  • Leaf separator, Enorrossi
  • Olive fruit conveyer Screw, Enorrossi
  • Olive Depitter Unit, Enorrossi
  • Olive oil extraction unit a) Hydraulic Olive Press, Enorrossi Model 80
  • Olive oil extraction unit b) Centrifugal Decanter, Oliomio Mini TF
  • Heavy load balance, Kern EDB 150k100L
  • Industrial washing machine for olive press discs, Lamber
  • Portable Juicer
  • Deep Freezer, Liebherr GT 2102
  • Analytical balance, ADAM PGW 3502e
  • Laboratory Oven (high range), Nabertherm B170
  • Garden Wood Shredder, ALKO NewTech 2400R
  • Laboratory Oven (low range), Raypa 0 – 250 ⁰C

Environmental Radiation Department

  • Portable Radiation Detector (Canberra) incl. Scintillation detector with NaI (TI) crystal. Model 802-4
  • Photomultiplier tube base/Preamplifier. Model 20007P
  • InSpector Multichannel Analyzer. Model 1200
  • Calibration set of radio energy source, ISOTOPEN, closed type G-2900.
  • Portable Radon Monitor, (Genitron Instruments), AlphaGuard PQ2000Pro
  • GEIGER Counter, BICRON (type micro-Sievert)
  • Two non-ionized radiation meter (frequency range 15 Hz – 100 kHz, and 100 kHz – 3 GHz).

The research program of the Waste Management Laboratory (WML) focuses on the following areas:
• Estimation of the quantitative and qualitative characteristics of waste
• Study of Waste Management Systems (WMS) and database generation using GIS.
• Siting Methodology for MSW and hazardous waste management facilities and other environmentally hazardous activities
• Design of sanitary landfills, material recovery facilities, municipal and industrial wastewater treatment facilities, facilities’ monitoring and operation
• Application of linear and integer programming tools for the economic and environmental optimization of waste management systems
• Mathematical modeling of environmental systems
• Strategic analyses and planning of WMSs with special emphasis on:
o environmental management of enterprises and public/private organisations
o life cycle analysis of natural resources, products and wastes
o Product Eco-labeling

Apart from what is generally understood as waste, the WML’s members are especially interested in the study of “energy wastes”. In other words, the WML examines the following:
• Natural radiation environment
o Radon and its decay products
o Background radiation from terrestrial sources
o Cosmic rays
• Dispersion of radioactive isotopes in the environment

The Lab’s specialist research group is involved in constant monitoring of the quantity and quality of environmental radiation, using the special equipment and instruments that the Lab possesses to support research. This area of research combined with the study of indoor air quality extends the scope of the WML’s research activity in directions that coincide with the majority of the objectives the Department of Environmental Studies has set for itself.

Finally, the WML has recently extended the scope of its research interests to include the study of environmental impacts related to the consequences of cave tourism. More specifically, the WML has developed a methodology for the assessment of impacts due to the emissions of carbon dioxide by tourists/visitors within caves. The methodology has been deployed to determine the criteria/specifications required for two caves in Greece to receive tourists, while the measurement of radon concentrations inside caves is one of the Laboratory’s latest areas of research

1. Kyriakidis, P. and Gaganis, P. 2013. Efficient Simulation of Lognormal Random Fields for Hydrogeological Applications. Mathematical Geosciences 45(5): 531–556.
2. Cleridou N., Benas N., Matsoukas C., Croke B., Vardavas I. 2014 Water resources of Cyprus under changing climatic conditions: Modelling approach, validation and limitations. Environ. Modell. Softw. 60: 202-218
3. Iatrou E.I., Stasinakis A.S., Thomaidis N.S. (2014) Consumption-based approach for predicting environmental risk in Greece due to the presence of antimicrobials in domestic wastewater. Environmental Science and Pollution Research (in press).
4. Gatidou G., Stasinakis A.S., Iatrou E.I. (2014) Assessing single and joint toxicity of three phenylurea herbicides using Lemna minor and Vibrio fischeri bioassays. Chemosphere (in press).
5. Arvaniti O.S., Andersen H.R., Thomaidis N.S., Stasinakis A.S. (2014) Sorption of perfluorinated compounds onto different types of sewage sludge and assessment of its importance during wastewater treatment. Chemosphere 111: 405-411.