Geology

(Course Code: 202Υ, Course outline)

Semester:  2 Teaching Credits:  4 ECTS Credits: 5 Type:

Compulsory

Prerequisite Courses:  – Course type: General background Instructor:

Understand the geological methods and human insights by which knowledge of Earth has grown.

Use analytical and logical reasoning and to develop a basic understanding of the system Earth..

View Earth as a planet as an integrated system of physical, chemical, and biological processes attempting to attain dynamic equilibrium. Appreciate the unity of earth’s materials and processes . Understand geologic time and the effects of slow rates of change. Be able to use geologic maps and construct Geologic Cross sections

Topics per Week:

1. Course Introduction and Outline (The formation of the solar system and Earth, Internal Structure of the Earth, Earth Materials and Processes)

2. Plate tectonics (tectonic theories, magnetic field and paleomagnetism, Sea-Floor Spreading)

3. Plate tectonics (Types of Plate Boundaries, relation to earthquakes, volcanism and topography)

4. Earthquakes (Origin of Earthquakes, Types of Seismic Waves, Magnitude of Earthquakes, Earthquake Risk, Earthquake Damage)

5. Rocks and Minerals (Definitions, Atoms, Structure of Atoms, Crystal Structure, Composition of Minerals and rocks, Properties of Minerals)

6. Igneous Rocks and volcanoes (Kinds of Igneous Rock, Types of Magma, Origin of Basaltic, Andesitic and Granitic Magma, Magmatic Differentiation, Volcanoes and their relation to plate tectonics)

7. Weathering and sedimentary rocks (Physical and Chemical Weathering, Deposition, Common Sedimentary Environments, sedimentary rocks)

8. Metamorphic rocks and Deformation (Types of Metamorphism, Metamorphic Facies, Metamorphism and Plate Tectonics, Stress and Strain, faults and folds)

9. Geologic Time (Relative and Absolute Age, Principles of Stratigraphy, The Geologic Column, Absolute Dating and Geologic Time Scale)

10. Topographic maps (Construction and usage of topographic maps, construction of cross-sections)

11. Geologic maps (Usage of maps, construction of cross-sections) 12. Geological evolution, effects
13. Introduction to the geology of Greece and of the island of Lesvos

Laboratory exercises:
1. Topographic maps
2. Construction of Topographic cross sections 3. Geologic maps
4. Construction of Geologic Cross sections

Theory – Lectures
(hours / week)
:
 3
Exercises – Laboratories
(hours / week)
:
 1
Other Activities:  –
Grading: Mid-term examination

Final examination

Notes:

Yes

Basic Textbook:
  • 1. Δούτσος, Θ., (2000), Γεωλογία: Αρχές και Εφαρμογές, LEADER BOOKS A.E., ΑΘΗΝΑ . ISBN: 960-7901-21-5

    2. Παπανικολάου Δημήτρης Ι.,Σίδερης Χρήστος Ι. (2007), Γεωλογία. Η επιστήμη της Γης, Σ. ΠΑΤΑΚΗΣ ΑΝΩΝΥΜΗ ΕΜΠΟΡΙΚΗ ΕΚΔΟΤΙΚΗ ΚΑΙ ΔΙΑΝΕΜΗΤΙΚΗ ΕΤΑΙΡΕΙΑ. ISBN: 978-960-16-2049-7

Bibliography:
  • Παυλίδης Σπύρος Β., Παν-γαία (Παγγαία): Μια διαφορετική βιο-γεωλογική διαδρομή στον πλανήτη Γη, Leader Books, 2007
  • John Grotzinger,Thomas H. Jordan, Frank Press, Reymond Siever, Understanding Earth (Fifth Edition), W.H. Freeman & Co, 2007
Language:

The course is taught in Greek. For exchange students, English literature is proposed and examinations are given in English

Internet Links:

http://pubs.usgs.gov/gip/dynamic/dynamic.html http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/aso/tryit/tectonics/

http://www.iris.edu/hq/programs/education_and_outr each/animations

http://www.classzone.com/books/earth_science/terc/n avigation/visualization.cfm

http://www.classzone.com/books/earth_science/terc/n avigation/investigation.cfm