Waste-to-Energy Technologies


Waste-to-Energy Technologies

(Course code: 248ΚΕΥ, Course outline)

Semester:  H Teaching Credits:  3 ECTS: 5 Type:

Optional Compulsory

Prerequisite Courses:  –  Course type: Skills development Tutor:   Stergios Vakalis
  • Development of group studies / case studies in order to promote free, creative and inductive thoughts.
  • Production of new research ideas
  • Group studies (case studies)
  • Emphasis on decision making and critique
  • Development of case studies for the purpose of searching, analyzing and composing data
  • Individual work (modeling)
 Topics per week:
  • Types of waste, Policy and status, Reasons for application of waste-to-energy, Alternative pathways for thermochemical conversion processes: Combustion, Pyrolysis and Gasification / Gasification as a Thermal Process: Characteristics, thermodynamics
  • Lab work, analytical tools, characterization of waste as fuels. Energy efficiency, Efficiency Factors, Application of R1 formula and comparison with the 3T method
  • Lab work, analytical tools, Mass and Energy balances, Assessment of mass flows, utilization of software STAN 2.5, Enthalpy and exergy of steam, Isentropic efficiency of turbines
  • Tar protocol, and technical specification CEN/TS 15439, Calculating the equivalent ratio, Chemical and physical exergy of biomass, syngas, air and flue gases
  • Lab work, Thermal and electricity measurements: Data logger, thermocouples, Flow measurements: Pitot tubes, Prandtl tubes etc., Mass and energy balances in gasification plants, Balancing the nitrogen and the carbon
  • Group project: Students will be asked to be separated in groups. Each group will perform one task, of a series of tasks that are necessary for the implementation of a full technical report of a gasification plant. This will include monitoring, lab analysis, mass and energy balances and modelling.
  •  Lab work, Computational tools, Introduction to the equilibrium software Cantera
Theory – Lectures
(hours / week)
:
 2
Exercises – Laboratories
(hours / week)
:
 1
Other Activities:  –
Grading: Assessment Language: English

Evaluation methods:

  • Multiple Choice Test          30%
  • Written work (group)         30%
  • Written work (individual)   20%
  • Written Lab Report             20%
Notes:
Main textbooks:
Bibliography:
  • Nickolas J. Themelis, Maria Elena Diaz Barriga, Paula Estevez, and Maria Gaviota Velasco (2013) Guidebook for the Application of Waste to Energy Technologies in Latin America and the Caribbean. WTE Guidebook, EEC/IDB, July 2013
  • Simona Ciuta, Demetra Tsiamis, Marco J. Castaldi (2018) Gasification of Waste Materials: Technologies for Generating Energy, Gas, and Chemicals from Municipal Solid Waste, Biomass, Nonrecycled Plastics, Sludges, and Wet Solid Wastes. Academic Press, 2018, ISBN 9780128127162
Language: English
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